アメリカ合衆国における多様性

また英語します。いいえ英語

多様性は意味の異なるものの混合物. It means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, さまざまな年齢の, 異なる信念. But Americans often use word diversity to mean people of different races. Learn about diversity in the United States today.

Diversity means a mixture of different things. It means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, of different ages, and with different beliefs. But Americans often use word diversity to mean people of different races. Learn about diversity in the United States today.

レース

Race

米国に移動するとき, あなたは多くの人種の人々 を満たす. 用語レースは一般的に人の肌の色や民族的背景を参照してくださいするために使用します。.

When you move to the USA, you will meet people of many races. The term race is generally used to refer to a person’s skin color or ethnic background.

ホワイト, 非ヒスパニック系の人々 がアメリカの大半. その他の人種の人々 とも呼ばれます “少数。” ヒスパニックおよびラテン アメリカ人が二番目に大きいグループです。, アフリカ系アメリカ人とアジア人が続く. その他のアメリカの人種がネイティブのアメリカ人です。, アラスカの原住民, ハワイ先住民, 太平洋の島民. 多くのアメリカ人は、混血.

White, non-Hispanic people are the majority in the USA. People of other races are often called “minorities.” Hispanics and Latino Americans are the second largest group, followed by African Americans and Asians. Other American racial groups are Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Many Americans are of mixed race.

レースはこの国で奴隷の恐ろしい歴史のため、米国で物議を醸す話題です。. アフリカ系アメリカ人の歴史を虐げられています。, バラク・オバマは初の黒人大統領として選出されたとき非常に重要な歴史的な瞬間だった.

Race is a controversial topic in the USA because of the terrible history of slavery in this country. African Americans have been oppressed through history, and it was a very important historical moment when Barack Obama was elected as the first black president.

それは彼らの競争に人を差別することは違法ではないです。, 現実はアメリカで人種差別の多くの問題がまだあること.

While it is illegal to discriminate against people based on their race, the reality is that there are still many problems with racism in the USA.

レースについて話して不快を感じている人. さまざまな人種から人を呼ぶかを知ることは難しいことがあります。. 例えば, アフリカの遺産のいくつかのアメリカ人のアフリカ系アメリカ人として定義されるような, 他の条件を好むが、 ブラック または 色の人. 同じは南および中央アメリカからの人々 です。. いくつかは彼ら自身にヒスパニック系を考慮可能性があります。, いくつかのラテン アメリカ人またはラテン系といえるような, 他は白を言う可能性がありますまたは別の用語を好むと. いくつかの理由のためのレースの面で誰かを記述する必要がある場合, 記述する方法がわからないと, もらうことができます。.

Some people feel uncomfortable talking about race. It is sometimes hard to know what to call people from different races. For example, some Americans of African heritage like to be defined as African Americans, but others prefer the terms black or person of color. The same is true of people from South and Central America. Some may consider themselves Hispanic, some like to be called Latino or Latina, and others may say white or prefer another term. If you need to describe someone in terms of their race for some reason, and you are unsure how to describe, you can ask them.

奇妙なあなたのレースを求められることがあります。. 書類を記入する場合, あなたがアジアかどうかを示すチェック ボックスをオンをいただくことがあります。, ブラック, ヒスパニック系, ホワイト, など。この質問のための主な理由は、政府のプログラムが少数のニーズを満たす適切なかどうかを監視するには. 答えたくない場合, 常に質問を空白のまままたは、というボックスをチェックできます。 “返信しないことを選択します。” または “返信しないことを好みます。”

You may find it strange that you are often asked your race. If you are filling out paperwork, you may be asked to check a box that says whether you are Asian, black, Hispanic, white, etc.The primary reason for this question is to monitor whether government programs are adequately meeting the needs of minorities. If you do not want to answer, you can always leave the question blank or check the box that says “Choose not to reply” or “Prefer not to reply.”

職場で人種差別が発生した場合, 住宅を探しているとき, または他の時に, できます メールでお問い合わせ 我々 はあなたを支援するリソースを参照してくださいしようとして. または, 単にございましたら、または文化的な経験について教えてくださいしたい場合, お気軽にメールでお問い合わせも.

If you experience racism in the workplace, when looking for housing, or at any other time, you can email us and we will try to refer you to a resource to help you. Or, if you simply have questions or want to tell us about a cultural experience, please feel free to email us as well.

入国管理

Immigration

米国時々 と呼ばれます、 “サラダ ボウル” または “人種のるつぼ。” これは、多くの異なる国や背景が 1 つの国に住んでいる人々 があることを意味します。. 歴史的に, アメリカと呼びます “移民の国,” ヨーロッパからの移民が 1600 年代に最初に着いたずっと前に北アメリカに住んでいるネイティブのアメリカ人はあるものの.

The USA is sometimes referred to as a “salad bowl” or “melting pot.” This means there are people from many different countries and backgrounds living in one country. Historically, the USA is called “a nation of immigrants,” although there were Native Americans living in North America long before European immigrants first arrived in the 1600s.

本日は, 一部のアメリカ人移民について否定的な意見があります。. これらの意見のほとんどは、恐怖に基づいてまたは間違って認識. 移民はアメリカに多くの長所と利点を提供します。. また, アメリカの移民に対して偏見を持っている人の恐怖や異なる人種に対する偏見があります。.

Today, some Americans have negative opinions about immigrants. Most of these opinions are based in fear or mistaken perceptions. Immigrants offer many strengths and benefits to the USA. Also, Americans who are prejudiced against immigrants have fear of or bias against different races.

高齢者

The elderly

米国で, 高齢者は、します。 65 古い. At 65, アメリカ人が動作を停止し、年金を受ける, または小さな退職給与, 政府から.

In the US, older individuals are those 65 and older. At 65, Americans can stop working and receive a pension, or small retirement salary, from the government.

アメリカは他の国に比べて異なる年配のアメリカ人は、単独で、または機関によく住んでいるので. に関しては 29% 上のアメリカ人の 65 一人で住んでいます。, そして 47% 以上の女性のパーセント 75 live alone. Many others live in senior housing or nursing homes.

America is different than many other countries because older Americans often live alone or in institutions. About 29% of Americans over 65 live alone., and 47% percent of women over 75 live alone. Many others live in senior housing or nursing homes.

You may feel like Americans, especially American youth, do not respect the elderly in the same way as elders as treated in your culture. アメリカで, this is sometimes referred to as ageneration gap.Young and old people may have different opinions, like they do in other countries, but American media tends to focus on youth.

You may feel like Americans, especially American youth, do not respect the elderly in the same way as elders as treated in your culture. In the USA, this is sometimes referred to as a “generation gap.” Young and old people may have different opinions, like they do in other countries, but American media tends to focus on youth.

Elder Americans often face financial and health difficulties. These difficulties are true for older immigrants and refugees too. 高齢者の場合, you may have thought the USA would provide more care for you than you are receiving. But you may need to find work to support yourself in the USA, as many seniors do. But there are special programs to help seniors, and if you need help to find one, メールでお問い合わせ.

Elder Americans often face financial and health difficulties. These difficulties are true for older immigrants and refugees too. If you are an elder, you may have thought the USA would provide more care for you than you are receiving. But you may need to find work to support yourself in the USA, as many seniors do. But there are special programs to help seniors, and if you need help to find one, email us.

差別

Discrimination

Discrimination is when you are treated badly because of your personal background. People can be discriminated against for many reasons, such as their race, skin color, 性別, 年齢, または宗教. Discrimination is illegal in the USA. This means people must be treated equally and given the same opportunities no matter what their background is. 例えば, a business is not allowed to discriminate against the elderly. Even if a person is old, they must have the same chance to get a job as a younger person if they are otherwise qualified to do the work. 、 US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission describes many different types of discrimination. If you believe you have been discriminated against when applying for a job, you can file a charge of discrimination. It can take years for a case to work its way through the system, so plan to find other work while your complaint is being considered.

Discrimination is when you are treated badly because of your personal background. People can be discriminated against for many reasons, such as their race, skin color, gender, age, or religion. Discrimination is illegal in the USA. This means people must be treated equally and given the same opportunities no matter what their background is. For example, a business is not allowed to discriminate against the elderly. Even if a person is old, they must have the same chance to get a job as a younger person if they are otherwise qualified to do the work. The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission describes many different types of discrimination. If you believe you have been discriminated against when applying for a job, you can file a charge of discrimination. It can take years for a case to work its way through the system, so plan to find other work while your complaint is being considered.

Inappropriate behavior

Inappropriate behavior

When you are learning a new culture, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is because of a cultural difference or if the person is just being rude or behaving in a bad way. If you are ever in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, ask the other person to stop their behavior. If someone continues a behavior that makes you uncomfortable, please ask a trusted American friend for help.

When you are learning a new culture, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is because of a cultural difference or if the person is just being rude or behaving in a bad way. If you are ever in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, ask the other person to stop their behavior. If someone continues a behavior that makes you uncomfortable, please ask a trusted American friend for help.

これらは、事実ではないアメリカ文化についての一般化, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way that is different to what you are used to. アメリカの方法や文化は他の方法よりも良くも悪くも無い.

These are generalizations about American culture – not facts, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

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