ប្រទេសឡាវ: Understanding your students from Laos and their cultural backgrounds

ភាសាអង់គ្លេសផងដែរទេភាសាអង់គ្លេស

អ្នកអប់រំមនុស្សជាច្រើនបានបង្រៀនសិស្សចម្រុះបានរាយការណ៍ថាពួកគេមិនទទួលបានពផ្ទៃខាងក្រោយវប្បធម៍គ្រប់គ្រាន់នៅលើសិស្សរបស់ខ្លួន. ប្រសិនបើអ្នកកំពុងបង្រៀនសិស្សជនភៀសខ្លួន, វាជាការសំខាន់ដើម្បីឱ្យមានការយល់ដឹងអំពីចំណូលថ្មី’ ប្រវត្តិ. ពខាងក្រោមនេះត្រូវបានន័យដើម្បីផ្តល់នូវទិដ្ឋភាពទូទៅនៃការរំលេចសំខាន់មួយ, ដូច្នេះអ្នកអភិវឌ្ឍយុទ្ធសាស្រ្តក្នុងការបង្រៀនឆ្លើយតបវប្បធម៍ដែលមាននៅក្នុងបទភ្លេងជាមួយសិស្សរបស់អ្នក’ រចនាប័ទ្មរៀនតែមួយគត់.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Laotian children in a small village being interviewed by Radio Free Online. Photo by RFA.
Laotian children in a small village being interviewed by Radio Free Online. Photo by RFA.
Laotian children in a small village being interviewed by Radio Free Online. Photo by RFA.
Laotian children in a small village being interviewed by Radio Free Online. Photo by RFA.

Laos Map ភាសា

Laos Map Language

Lao and some Hmong Daw and Mong Njua.

Lao and some Hmong Daw and Mong Njua.

ការបង្រៀននៅក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀន

Teaching in the Classroom

Laotian Americans see education as important because the future of the family depends on their children. For most Laotians (except the most privileged), ទោះជាយ៉ាងណា, educational opportunities were very limited. Boys in urban areas were more likely to attend school, but due to geographic remoteness, most Hmong received little to no formal education prior to resettlement. The Hmong were largely illiterate. It wasn’t until the 1950s that a writing system was developed for the Hmong language.

Laotian Americans see education as important because the future of the family depends on their children. For most Laotians (except the most privileged), however, educational opportunities were very limited. Boys in urban areas were more likely to attend school, but due to geographic remoteness, most Hmong received little to no formal education prior to resettlement. The Hmong were largely illiterate. It wasn’t until the 1950s that a writing system was developed for the Hmong language.

It is possible some students in your classroom may have been born or been young children in refugee camps, although many have probably been in the US school system for several years. Most of their parents probably spent many years of their adult lives in camps.

It is possible some students in your classroom may have been born or been young children in refugee camps, although many have probably been in the US school system for several years. Most of their parents probably spent many years of their adult lives in camps.

គ្រួសារ / សាលាការចូលរួម

Family/School Engagement

Before coming to the United States, your students’ parents may have known life almost exclusively in refugee camps.

Before coming to the United States, your students’ parents may have known life almost exclusively in refugee camps.

Although handshakes are common among men, they are less so for women. Looking people in the eye or touching them or waving is considered rude. Many parents from Asian cultures also believe it is rude to address people by their given name. ប្រសិនបើពួកគេហាក់ដូចជាមានផាសុខភាពកាន់តែច្រើនហៅអ្នក “គ្រូ” ឬ “បងស្រី” ឬ “ជីតា,” ទទួលយកវាដោយការគោរព.

Although handshakes are common among men, they are less so for women. Looking people in the eye or touching them or waving is considered rude. Many parents from Asian cultures also believe it is rude to address people by their given name. If they seem more comfortable calling you “Teacher” or “Sister” or “Grandfather,” accept it with respect.

ជនភៀសខ្លួនជាច្រើនមិនដឹងពីរបៀបក្នុងការបើកបរឬការខ្វះលទ្ធភាពទទួលបានរថយន្តមួយ, ដូច្នេះការដឹកជញ្ជូនទៅនឹងព្រឹត្តិការណ៍សាលារៀននឹងក្លាយជាបញ្ហាប្រឈមមួយដែលសូម្បីតែប្រសិនបើឪពុកម្តាយចង់ឱ្យត្រូវបានចូលរួម.

Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

ជាទូទៅ, it is difficult for Hmong/Laotians to say “no.” They will give an ambiguous response rather than decline directly. Instead of asking parents yes or no questions, try to offer several choices and allow them to choose the option they prefer.

Generally, it is difficult for Hmong/Laotians to say “no.” They will give an ambiguous response rather than decline directly. Instead of asking parents yes or no questions, try to offer several choices and allow them to choose the option they prefer.

In traditional Hmong culture, it is inappropriate to compliment children because compliment can be seen as an invitation for spirits (dabs) to steal a child’s soul. លើស​ពី​នេះ​ទៀត, humility is a cultural trait.

In traditional Hmong culture, it is inappropriate to compliment children because compliment can be seen as an invitation for spirits (dabs) to steal a child’s soul. In addition, humility is a cultural trait.

វប្បធម៍, យេនឌ័រនិងក្រុមគ្រួសារ

Culture, Gender and Family

Nuclear families are the norm for the Lao, but in Hmong culture, which prizes kinship, it is common for extended families to live together or near one another. នៅក្នុង​សហរដ្ឋ​អា​មេ​រិ​ច, Hmong tend to live in neighborhoods with other Hmong.

Nuclear families are the norm for the Lao, but in Hmong culture, which prizes kinship, it is common for extended families to live together or near one another. In the United States, Hmong tend to live in neighborhoods with other Hmong.

Although the oldest male is considered the head of the household, women traditionally manage the family’s financial affairs. The elderly are highly respected, and children are expected to care for their parents. Families are large, and parents treat children with much affection. នៅក្នុង​សហរដ្ឋ​អា​មេ​រិ​ច, it is common for Lao women to work outside of the home.

Although the oldest male is considered the head of the household, women traditionally manage the family’s financial affairs. The elderly are highly respected, and children are expected to care for their parents. Families are large, and parents treat children with much affection. In the United States, it is common for Lao women to work outside of the home.

Buddhism is the predominant way of life of most Laotians. នៅក្នុង​សហរដ្ឋ​អា​មេ​រិ​ច, many Laotian-Americans have converted to Christianity. The Hmong and other upland peoples practice animism, ancestor worship, and shamanism. Many rituals and beliefs focus on protection against dabs, or spirits, which are attributed with causing illnesses and misfortune.

Buddhism is the predominant way of life of most Laotians. In the United States, many Laotian-Americans have converted to Christianity. The Hmong and other upland peoples practice animism, ancestor worship, and shamanism. Many rituals and beliefs focus on protection against dabs, or spirits, which are attributed with causing illnesses and misfortune.

The Lao Loum comprise about two-thirds of Laos’ population. Due to proximity to cities, ការដឹកជញ្ជូន, and fertile land, the Lao Loum is the most economically advantaged group in the country. For the rest of the country, subsistence farming, coupled with geographical remoteness, contribute to high poverty levels. Of the many (approximately 20) ethnic groups, the Hmong is the largest, and even then, there are sub-groups of Hmong.

The Lao Loum comprise about two-thirds of Laos’ population. Due to proximity to cities, transportation, and fertile land, the Lao Loum is the most economically advantaged group in the country. For the rest of the country, subsistence farming, coupled with geographical remoteness, contribute to high poverty levels. Of the many (approximately 20) ethnic groups, the Hmong is the largest, and even then, there are sub-groups of Hmong.

ធនធានបន្ថែម

Additional Resources

BRYCS Resources

BRYCS Resources

World Factbook

World Factbook

Refugee backgrounders

Refugee backgrounders

IRC refugee teacher packet

IRC refugee teacher packet

Laotian Americans

Laotian Americans

សុខភាព

Health

ចែករំលែកគំនិតរបស់អ្នក

Share your ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Laotion students, សូមអ៊ីម៉ែល: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Laotion students, please email: info@usahello.org.

យកការពិតណាស់របស់យើងសម្រាប់ការអប់រំ

Take our course for educators

ប្រសិនបើអ្នកចង់បណ្ដុះបណ្ដាលបន្ថែមទៀតលើរបៀបដើម្បីអប់រំសិស្សនិស្សិតជនភៀសខ្លួននិងជនអន្តោប្រវេសន៍, សូមពិចារណាចុះឈ្មោះនៅក្នុងវគ្គសិក្សារបស់យើង, ការអប់រំជនភៀសខ្លួននិងនិស្សិតអន្ដោប្រវេសន៍: វគ្គបណ្តាញសម្រាប់គ្រូបង្រៀន.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

បោះពុម្ពពជា PDF នេះ

Print this information as a PDF

អ្នកអាចទាញយកនិងការបោះពុម្ពនេះ Laotian learner profile ជា PDF មួយនិងរក្សាទុកវាជាធនធាននៅក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀនរបស់អ្នក.

You can download and print this Laotian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

តើទំព័រនេះជួយអ្នកក្នុងការ? មុខ​ញញឹម បាទ មុខចងចិញ្ចើម គ្មាន
សូមអរគុណចំពោះមតិរបស់អ្នក!