Perder o emprego ou ser demitido

Inglês tambémNão fala inglês

Ser demitido (perder o seu emprego) é muito difícil. Você pode estar confuso sobre seus próximos passos. Descubra o que fazer se você foi demitido injustamente, como reivindicar benefícios de desemprego. Leia sobre o que fazer em seguida.

Getting fired (losing your job) is very hard. You might be confused about your next steps. Find out what to do if you were fired unfairly, how to claim unemployment benefits. Read about what to do next.

Getting fired - two women outside work

Getting fired - two women outside work

A maioria das pessoas perde o emprego pelo menos uma vez. Ser demitido pode ser uma experiência muito assustadora, especialmente se é uma surpresa. Você pode estar preocupado em pagar suas contas ou ajudar sua família. Você pode fazer coisas para fazer ser demitido ou perder o seu trabalho mais fácil.

Most people lose their job at least once. Getting fired can be a very scary experience, especially if it is a surprise. You may be worried about paying your bills or helping your family. You can do things to make getting fired or losing your job easier.

Ouça e fique calmo

Listen and stay calm

Os empregadores não gostam de demitir pessoas. A razão mais comum para ser demitido é o dinheiro. A empresa pode não ter dinheiro suficiente para pagar-lhe mais. Ou você pode ter feito algo que era contra as regras. Talvez a coisa que fizeste foi um acidente.. Se você não entender o que aconteceu, Você pode pedir. O gerente legalmente tem que dizer por que você está sendo demitido.

Employers do not like to fire people. The most common reason for getting fired is money. The company may not have enough money to pay you anymore. Or you may have done something that was against the rules. Maybe the thing you did was an accident. If you do not understand what happened, you can ask. The manager legally has to tell you why you are getting fired.

O que aconteceu, ouvir as instruções do gerente. Eles podem querer que você saia imediatamente.. Eles podem querer que você pegar suas coisas e dizer adeus aos seus colegas de trabalho. Não chore, Gritar, ou agir com raiva. Tente ficar calmo.

Whatever happened, listen to the manager’s instructions. They may want you to leave right away. They may want you to pick up your things and say goodbye to your coworkers. Do not cry, yell, or act angry. Try to stay calm.

Você foi demitido injustamente?

Were you fired unfairly?

Despedimento sem justo causa significa que foi despedido por um motivo ilegal. Saiba mais sobre o seu Trabalhadores’ direitos nos Estados Unidos. É possível aprender sobre os direitos dos trabalhadores em muitas línguas. Você também pode ler sobre discriminação no trabalho e descubra se você tem direito a remuneração dos trabalhadores.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. Learn about your workers’ rights in the USA. You can learn about workers’ rights in many languages. You can also read about discrimination at work and find out if you are entitled to workers’ compensation.

Se você acredita que perdeu o emprego por causa da discriminação, uma lesão de trabalho, ou assédio, Você deveria pensar em falar com um advogado. É possível encontrar advogados livres e acessíveis que ajudam imigrantes e refugiados.

If you believe that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Arquivo para subsídio de desemprego

File for unemployment benefits

Se você pode, arquivo de subsídio de desemprego de imediato. Os benefícios do desemprego são o dinheiro que o governo lhe dá depois que você perde seu trabalho. A maioria dos Estados pagará benefícios de desemprego por até 26 semanas. Eles não vão pagar o seu salário total.

If you can, file for unemployment benefits right away. Unemployment benefits are the money the government gives you after you lose your job. Most states will pay unemployment benefits for up to 26 weeks. They will not pay your full salary amount.

Você é elegível para prestações de desemprego se:

You are eligible for unemployment benefits if you are:

  • admitidos para residência permanente
  • legalmente nos Estados Unidos por causa de seu trabalho
  • um refugiado
  • concedido asilo permanente
  • um em condicional
  • admitted for permanent residence
  • legally in the United States because of your job
  • a refugee
  • granted permanent asylum
  • a parolee

Assista a um vídeo sobre como solicitar benefícios de desemprego

Watch a video about how to apply for unemployment benefits

Se você deixar seu trabalho sem ser demitido, Você não receberá benefícios de desemprego, exceto para:

If you leave your job without getting fired, you will not get unemployment benefits except for:

  • Medical reasons – Você está muito doente ou ferido para trabalhar
  • Taking care of a sick family member – Seu membro da família está muito doente e você não pode pagar a alguém para cuidar deles
  • Domestic violence – A pessoa que você está em um relacionamento com está machucando-o mentalmente ou fisicamente
  • Constructive discharge – Isto significa que a sua situação de trabalho foi muito difícil. Se seu chefe bateu em você ou estava fazendo você fazer algo ilegal, this would count as “constructive discharge.”
  • Medical reasons – You are too sick or injured to work
  • Taking care of a sick family member – Your family member is very sick and you cannot afford to pay someone to take care of them
  • Domestic violence – The person you are in a relationship with is hurting you mentally or physically
  • Constructive discharge – This means that your work situation was very hard. If your boss hit you or was making you do something illegal, this would count as “constructive discharge.”

Every state has different rules about benefits when quitting. Saiba mais sobre unemployment benefits in your state e unemployment benefits for immigrant workers. There may be be other benefícios públicos you qualify for as well.

Every state has different rules about benefits when quitting. Learn about unemployment benefits in your state and unemployment benefits for immigrant workers. There may be be other public benefits you qualify for as well.

Make a budget

Make a budget

Make a budget even if you get unemployment benefits. Think about how you can save some money. Can you change your lifestyle to live with the money you have now? It may take a while to find a new job. Saiba mais sobre how to make a budget to save money.

Make a budget even if you get unemployment benefits. Think about how you can save some money. Can you change your lifestyle to live with the money you have now? It may take a while to find a new job. Learn more about how to make a budget to save money.

Update your resume

Update your resume

Most jobs require resumes. Make sure your resume is up to date. Add details about the job you just left. Write any skills that you may have learned while you were there. Add any recent classes you have taken. Leia mais sobre how to make a resume.

Most jobs require resumes. Make sure your resume is up to date. Add details about the job you just left. Write any skills that you may have learned while you were there. Add any recent classes you have taken. Read more about how to make a resume.

Start looking for jobs

Start looking for jobs

It is fine to rest for a few days after getting fired. You can take some time to think. Even if you are sad, start your job search as soon as you can. Finding a job can be a long and difficult process. Search for jobs online and/or look for signs at local businesses. Set a goal of applying to at least 10 jobs a week. Learn more about how to look for job opportunities.

It is fine to rest for a few days after getting fired. You can take some time to think. Even if you are sad, start your job search as soon as you can. Finding a job can be a long and difficult process. Search for jobs online and/or look for signs at local businesses. Set a goal of applying to at least 10 jobs a week. Learn more about how to look for job opportunities.

Things not to do after getting fired

Things not to do after getting fired

There are things it is better not to do after getting fired.

There are things it is better not to do after getting fired.

  • Do not say bad things about your employer on social media
    Even if you did not like your boss, you may need a reference or your new employer. Também, your new employer may look at your social media and will get a bad impression of you.
  • Do not say bad things about your employer on social media
    Even if you did not like your boss, you may need a reference or your new employer. Also, your new employer may look at your social media and will get a bad impression of you.

 

 

  • Do not stay quiet
    You may feel embarrassed to tell people you lost your job. That is normal. No entanto, telling people will help you. Your friends and family may think of you when they hear of jobs. They may be able to introduce you to people who can help.
  • Do not stay quiet
    You may feel embarrassed to tell people you lost your job. That is normal. However, telling people will help you. Your friends and family may think of you when they hear of jobs. They may be able to introduce you to people who can help.

 

 

  • Do not get discouraged
    Na América, employers do not email you about every application. You may not hear back from people unless they want to interview you. This does not mean you are not a good worker or that you will never find a job. It is normal to be frustrated, but don’t let that stop you from trying to find a new job.
  • Do not get discouraged
    In America, employers do not email you about every application. You may not hear back from people unless they want to interview you. This does not mean you are not a good worker or that you will never find a job. It is normal to be frustrated, but don’t let that stop you from trying to find a new job.

Saiba Mais

Learn more

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