Kako biti vljudni in imajo dobre manire v ZDA

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Kako veš, kaj je vljudno v novi državi? Različne kulture se obnašajo na različne načine. Teh 10 nasveti vam bo pokazal dobre manire v ZDA.

How do you know what is polite in a new country? Different cultures behave in different ways. These 10 tips will show you good manners in the USA.

Dva moška nasmejan drug na drugega v pisarni

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Tukaj je nekaj načinov, da pokažejo dobre manire v Združenih državah Amerike. These tips will help you to show respect and be polite to Americans.

Here are some ways to show good manners in the United States. These tips will help you to show respect and be polite to Americans.

1. Reči “prosim”

1. Say “please”

Večina Američanov pravi “prosim” ko hočejo nekaj. Na primer, Če naročate hrano v restavraciji, bi lahko rekli “Jaz bom juho., prosim”. Če vprašate za nekaj in ne reči “prosim”, Američani bodo mislili, da si nesramen..

Most Americans say “please” when they want something. For example, if you are ordering food at a restaurant, you might say “I will have the soup, please”. If you ask for something and don’t say “Please”, Americans will think you are rude.

2. Reči “hvala”

2. Say “thank you”

Američani pravijo “hvala” veliko. V nekaterih kulturah, ljudje pravijo samo “hvala” za pomembne dogodke. V Združenih državah Amerike, je običajno reči “hvala” tudi za majhne poteze. Na primer, Če nekomu izroči knjigo, lahko se vam zahvalijo. Poskusi se spomniti povedati “hvala,” posebej za vsakogar, ki pomaga ali poskusite, da vam pomaga.

Americans say “Thank you” a lot. In some cultures, people only say “thank you” for significant events. In the United States, it is common to say “thanks” even for small gestures. For example, if you hand someone a book, they might thank you. Try to remember to say “Thank you,” especially to anyone who is helping or try to help you.

3. Reči “oprosti”

3. Say “sorry”

Američani pravijo tudi “oprosti” več kot ljudi v drugih kulturah. Na primer, Če nekdo pomotoma udarci v vas na ulici, se lahko opravičijo z “oprosti” ali “oprosti.” Američani, zlasti ameriške ženske, včasih uporabite besedo “oprosti” izraziti žalost za nekaj, kar se ti je zgodilo, Čeprav niso bili vključeni v dogodek. Na primer, lahko nekomu poveste, da ste bili bolni čez vikend ali da je umrl prijatelj. Biti prijazen in vljuden., se lahko odzovejo, “Žal mi je.”

Americans also say “sorry” more than people in other cultures. For example, if someone accidentally bumps into you on the street, they may apologize with “excuse me” or “sorry.” Americans, especially American women, sometimes use the word “sorry” to express sadness for something that happened to you, even though they were not involved in the event. For example, you may tell someone that you were sick over the weekend or that a friend died. To be kind and polite, they might respond, “I’m so sorry.”

4. Pokrijte usta, ko vaš Burp ali kašelj

4. Cover your mouth when your burp or cough

Mnogi Američani menijo, da je nevljudno, da bi telesnih zvokov pred drugimi ljudmi. Poskušajo ne prenesejo plina, Rigati, ali da druge telesne zvoke v javnosti ali pred ljudmi, ki jih ne poznajo dobro. Nekateri ljudje bodo sami izgovor, da kopalnica, če jih potrebujejo za Burp. Če vam prdec ali Burp, je vljudno reči, “oprosti.”

Many Americans consider it impolite to make bodily noises in front of other people. They try not to pass gas, burp, or make other bodily noises in public or in front of people they do not know well. Some people will excuse themselves to the bathroom if they need to burp. If you do fart or burp, it is polite to say, “Excuse me.”

5. Reči “zdravo” Ko spoznaš nove ljudi

5. Say “hello” when you meet new people

Ko prvič spoznaš nekoga, Američani običajno pravijo, “zdravo” ali, “živjo, me veseli, da sva se spoznala.” Če imate nekoga drugega z vami, je vljudno, da uvede to osebo, kot tudi. Naslednjič, ko boste srečali osebo, lahko rečeš, “Lepo te je spet videti.,” ali, “Spomnim se, da sem te spoznal prejšnji mesec.. kako si?”

When you meet someone for the first time, Americans typically say, “Hello” or, “Hi, nice to meet you.” If you have someone else with you, it is polite to introduce that person as well. The next time you meet the person, you can say, “Nice to see you again,” or, “I remember meeting you last month. How are you?”

6. Ne stresajte roke, če se ne počutite udobno

6. Don’t shake hands if you don’t feel comfortable

Večina Američanov ti bo stresel roko, ko te bodo spoznali.. Če se počutite neprijetno, lahko vedno postavite roke skupaj in pusto glavo naprej. To je vljuden način, da vam pokažem, da se ne želite rokovati z rokami.. Nekateri Američani bodo zelo presenečeni, da ne želite rokovati z rokami, ampak to je v redu. If you are from a culture where men and women outside of family do not touch each other, explain that politely to the person you are meeting. You do not need to do things that make you feel uncomfortable.

Most Americans will shake your hand when they meet you. If you feel uncomfortable, you can always put your hands together and lean your head forward. This is a polite way to show you don’t want to shake hands. Some Americans will be very surprised that you do not want to shake hands but this is okay. If you are from a culture where men and women outside of family do not touch each other, explain that politely to the person you are meeting. You do not need to do things that make you feel uncomfortable.

7. Stand at least a foot away when you are talking to someone new

7. Stand at least a foot away when you are talking to someone new

Americans tend to want more personal space around them than people from other cultures. V ZDA, most people will stand about one foot apart from one another. Even people in a group stand with space between them. If you stand very close to someone when you are speaking, they may think you are being aggressive or overly familiar. They may take a step back and show mild surprise or disapproval. Other Americans are very physical and may hold your arm while they are talking to you or hug you when they first see you. If that makes you uncomfortable, it is okay to step back.

Americans tend to want more personal space around them than people from other cultures. In the US, most people will stand about one foot apart from one another. Even people in a group stand with space between them. If you stand very close to someone when you are speaking, they may think you are being aggressive or overly familiar. They may take a step back and show mild surprise or disapproval. Other Americans are very physical and may hold your arm while they are talking to you or hug you when they first see you. If that makes you uncomfortable, it is okay to step back.

8. Look people in the eye when you are talking to them

8. Look people in the eye when you are talking to them

We encourage you to maintain important parts of your culture. Vendar, looking people in they eyes when you talk is one thing you can do to adapt to life in America. Americans tend to look people in the eyes when they are talking. They may not look at you in the eyes for the entire conversation – just part of it. If someone talks to you and you will not look at them in the eyes, they may think you are trying to hide something or being secretive.

We encourage you to maintain important parts of your culture. However, looking people in they eyes when you talk is one thing you can do to adapt to life in America. Americans tend to look people in the eyes when they are talking. They may not look at you in the eyes for the entire conversation – just part of it. If someone talks to you and you will not look at them in the eyes, they may think you are trying to hide something or being secretive.

9. Stand in line

9. Stand in line

Most Americans are taught from a young age to wait their turn in a line. Tako, if you are at the store or trying to buy a movie ticket, you will probably see a line. Na splošno, people line up one by one. Sometimes you may see someonehold a spotfor someone else, but mostly Americans expect to wait their turn. Although you may see someone cut into the line (go in front of you), the majority of people will wait their turn. This is also true if you are on an airplane. People generally wait to leave the airplane until it is their row’s turn.

Most Americans are taught from a young age to wait their turn in a line. So, if you are at the store or trying to buy a movie ticket, you will probably see a line. Generally, people line up one by one. Sometimes you may see someone “hold a spot” for someone else, but mostly Americans expect to wait their turn. Although you may see someone cut into the line (go in front of you), the majority of people will wait their turn. This is also true if you are on an airplane. People generally wait to leave the airplane until it is their row’s turn.

10. Hold the door open for other people

10. Hold the door open for other people

Most Americans will hold a door open for you when you are entering/exiting a building. Whether you are a man or a woman, it is polite to hold the door for the person behind you.

Most Americans will hold a door open for you when you are entering/exiting a building. Whether you are a man or a woman, it is polite to hold the door for the person behind you.

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