Šta da radite ako ste prestali ili uhapsila policija

It is important to know your rights if you are stopped by a police or immigration officer or if you are arrested by police. If you are questioned by law enforcement, be polite and respectful. Nikad ne laži, tvrde, otpor, or run away.

police car in USA
Photo courtesy of Dave Conner/Wikimedia Commons

U USA, the police are generally good and want to help you. But you should know your rights. You have rights even if you are not a US citizen. You should know that law enforcement officers may briefly hold and question you if they suspect you were involved in a crime. They might do this even if there are not enough reasons to arrest you.

Your rights if you are stopped in a car or arrested by police while in a car

  • Imate pravo da cutite i ne odgovaram na pitanja.
  • When receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding, na primer) you must provide your driver’s license, osiguranje, and vehicle registration if requested.
  • Oficir mogu li vas zamoliti da izađete iz kola. You should do what they ask.
  • Police are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”
  • You do not have the right to leave if the officer tells you to stay.
  • A pat down is typically a surface search done over your clothes. It can happen if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, Ali on ili ona mogu da prolazim kroz džepove. U pretraživanju, they have a more thorough method where they might search under your clothes. Zakonski dozvoljeno da odbije ih oboje.

Your rights if you are arrested by police or taken to a police station

  • If you are arrested by police, you have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer.
  • Da li je dozvoljeno da imaju 3 telefonski pozivi unutar 3 sati hapse.
  • Recite policiji osnovne informacije o sebi, ali nema više dok ne stigne tvoj advokat.
  • Ne razgovaramo o vaš status imigranta sa kim osim sa odvjetnikom.

Your rights if a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • Zakona nije dozvoljeno za pretraživanje svoj dom bez vašeg pristanka ili nalog za pretres. A warrant is a legal document that gives them permission to search. Ako niste kod kuće, Policija možete da pretražujete svoj dom, ako neki drugi pristaje na to.
  • Ne smete oficir unesite svoj dom, osim ako nemaju nalog.
  • Nalog treba da bude potpisan od strane sudije.
  • If an officer insists on entering without a warrant, do not resist. You can say that you do not allow it, Onda odmah pozvati advokata.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion”. This means that they think something illegal might be happening. They also think that showing they are there might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Za više informacija, da vam pomogne da shvatite Vaša prava, možeš read our “znam svoja prava” informacije. It was prepared in partnership with Church World Services, which offers low-cost legal services to immigrants.

Questions and answers about being detained or arrested by police

Here are some answers to questions you may have about being stopped or arrested.

Mogu li da odgovorim na pitanja od strane zakona?

Imate ustavno pravo da cutite, tako da ne morate da odgovorite na pitanja. Ne morate razgovarati s nekog oficira ili nekog drugog. It is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. Reci policiji odlučite da ne odgovori na. Ali uvek biti pristojan i ljubazan što je više moguće.

How should I behave if I am stopped in my car?

Try to move slowly and make sure you always keep your hands visible to the officer. Ne fizicki da odoli tapšanje dole ili pretražite. Umesto toga rekao., “I do not consent to a search.” Ask the officer if you are free to leave, a ako policajac ne pristane, then leave calmly. Međutim, if the officer says no, you must stay. Nikad se ne pobegne, and keep your hands visible all the time.

Šta ako me tretirate loše od strane policajaca?

Imate pravo da pitam policajca za njegove informacije kao što su njegovo ime i značku broj. Pokušajte da pronađete svedoka, i ako ti si ranjen slikati što pre. Zovi advokata ili tvoje kancelarije za zaštitu lokalnih ljudskih prava.

Do I have to show my immigration documents if I am arrested by police?

Non-građani koji su 18 godina ili stariji trebao bi nositi svoje dokumente sa njima u svako doba. If you are undocumented and cannot show US immigration documents, možete odabrati da ne odgovaram na pitanja o svom statusu. These questions might include “Are you a citizen?„ili, „Odakle si ti?” Do not lie about your status, Ali umesto da ste odabrali da ne odgovori.

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Informacije na ovoj stranici dolazi iz ACLU, Crkveni svet usluge, i drugih pouzdanih izvora. To je namenjen vodič i ažurira onoliko često koliko je to moguće. USAHello ne daje pravne savjete, niti je bilo ko od naših materijala nameravala biti uzeta kao pravne savjete. Ukoliko ste u potrazi za besplatan ili Niskobudžetna advokat ili pravna pomoć, Imamo tonsku probu Traženje slobodnog i Niskobudžetna pravne usluge.

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