Je, unaweza kupata hifadhi nchini Kanada kutoka Marekani?

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Ni kujaribu kupata hifadhi nchini Canada uchaguzi salama kwa ajili ya wewe na familia yako? Jifunze kuhusu hatari kabla ya kuamua kuondoka Marekani.

Is trying to get asylum in Canada a safe choice for you and your family? Learn about the risks before you decide to leave the USA.

Hifadhi nchini Kanada
Picha na Chiasson ya Paulo.
asylum in canada
Photo by Paul Chiasson.

Hatima ya uhakika katika Marekani

An uncertain future in the USA

Baadhi ya wakimbizi, asylees, na wahamiaji wengine wanachukua na uhakika kuhusu hatima yao katika Marekani. Wengi wamekuwa katika Marekani kwa miaka. Wana familia, nyumba na ajira. Hawana kujisikia salama, lakini inaweza kuwa hatari kurejea katika nchi yao ya asili.

Some refugees, asylees, and other immigrants are feeling uncertain about their future in the United States. Many have been in the USA for years. They have families, houses and jobs. They do not feel safe, but it may be dangerous to go back to their country of origin.

Pia, Idara ya usalama ya nchi inapanga mwisho TPS kwa ajili ya maelfu ya watu. Wamiliki wengi wa TPS na kuondoka Marekani au wao watafukuzwa.

Also, the Department of Homeland Security is planning to end TPS for thousands of people. Many TPS holders will have to leave the United States or they will be deported.

Kuondoka kwa kujaribu kupata hifadhi nchini Kanada

Leaving to try to get asylum in Canada

Wahamiaji katika Marekani kuacha kujaribu kupata hifadhi nchini Kanada. Wanaamini itakuwa rahisi kupata hifadhi huko.

Migrants in the USA have been leaving to try to get asylum in Canada. They believe it will be easier to get asylum there.

Lakini watu wengi ambao kuingia Canada katika mpaka rasmi kutoka Marekani hawezi kufanya mkimbizi kudai katika Kanada. Hii ni kwa sababu ya makubaliano kati ya nchi hizo mbili. Hivyo maelfu ya wahamiaji ni kuvuka mpaka kwa unofficially. Wana matumaini ya kuomba hifadhi mara moja wao ni ndani ya nchi.

But most people who enter Canada at an official border from the United States cannot make a refugee claim in Canada. This is because of an agreement between the two countries. So thousands of migrants are crossing the border unofficially. They hope to apply for asylum once they are inside the country.

Kuvuka katika Kanada

Crossing into Canada

Mambo mengi kusikia na kusoma inaweza kusababisha unaweza kuamini kwamba itakuwa rahisi kupata hifadhi nchini Kanada. Lakini ni vigumu sana kupata hifadhi. Na kuna hatari ya kuwasili unofficially katika Kanada.

Many things you hear and read may lead you to believe that it will be easy to get asylum in Canada. But it is very difficult to get asylum. And there are risks to arriving unofficially in Canada.

Kabla ya kufanya maamuzi yoyote, kuangalia video hapo chini na Soma ukurasa huu kutoka serikali ya Kanada kuhusu kudai Hifadhi katika Kanada – nini kinatokea?

Before you make any decisions, watch the video below and read this page from the Canadian government about claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Tafadhali kuangalia hii video kutoka serikali ya Kanada.

Please watch this video from the Canadian government.

Video hii inapatikana pia katika Creole na Kihispania.

This video is also available in Creole and Spanish.

Nini kingine unapaswa kujua kuhusu kutumia kwa ajili ya Hifadhi katika Kanada?

What else should I know about applying for asylum in Canada?

Kanada ina sifa ya kuwa wazi na huruma kwa wahamiaji. Viongozi wake na kusema kwamba wanakaribisha wakimbizi. Kanada inaonekana kutoa fursa kubwa kwa wageni. Yote haya ni kweli kwa ajili ya wahamiaji baadhi, lakini ukweli kwa wengine inaweza kuwa tofauti:

Canada has a reputation for being open and compassionate to migrants. Its leaders have said they welcome refugees. Canada seems to offer great opportunities to newcomers. All of this is true for some migrants, but the reality for others may be different:

  • Watu wengi ambao hawataruhusiwa kukaa
    Wahamiaji wengi kuhitimu na Hifadhi. Kama si kuhitimu, wewe pengine watafukuzwa kurudi nchi yako ya asili, kwa mfano Haiti au El Salvador. Kuna uwezekano kwamba itakuwa kuruhusiwa kurudi Marekani.
  • Kuna kusubiri muda mrefu kwa ajili ya uamuzi
    Hata kama ni kuruhusiwa kudai Hifadhi, kusubiri muda mrefu kabla ya kesi yako ni kusikia. Mfumo wa uhamiaji Kanada ina kiporo cha 40,000 kesi. Inaweza kuwa miaka miwili kabla ya kupata uamuzi. Wakati ukisubiri, Hata hivyo, utapata faida na kibali cha kufanya kazi.
  • Many people will not be allowed to stay
    Many migrants do not qualify for asylum. If you don’t qualify, you will probably be deported back to your country of origin, for example Haiti or El Salvador. It is unlikely that you will be allowed back to the United States.
  • There is a long wait for a decision
    Even if you are allowed to claim asylum, you will wait a long time before your case is heard. Canadian immigration system has a backlog of 40,000 cases. It could be two years before you get a decision. While you wait, however, you will get benefits and permission to work.

Ambao Je, kuhitimu kwa ajili ya Hifadhi katika Kanada?

Who does qualify for asylum in Canada?

Serikali ya Kanada mahitaji maalum kwa mtu kuchukuliwa mkimbizi. Kama si kukutana nao, utaulizwa kuondoka au kuondolewa. Serikali ina hakuna programu maalum kwa ajili ya wamiliki wa TPS kuja kutoka Marekani.

The Canadian government has specific requirements for a person to be considered a refugee. If you do not meet them, you will be asked to leave or be removed. The government has no special programs for TPS holders coming from the US.

Ingizo la kisheria kutoka Marekani

Legal entry from the United States

Kwa baadhi ya watu, inawezekana kudai Hifadhi katika Kanada kuwasili kisheria kutoka Marekani. Hii ni kwa sababu kuna aina nne ya Vighairi:

For some people, it is possible to claim asylum in Canada arriving legally from the US. This is the because there are four types of exceptions:

  • Mwanafamilia isipokuwa
  • Ubaguzi wa watoto wako
  • Vighairi vya mmiliki wa waraka
  • Maslahi ya umma isipokuwa
  • Family member exceptions
  • Unaccompanied minors exception
  • Document holder exceptions
  • Public interest exceptions

Kusoma kuhusu hizi isipokuwa Ukurasa wa serikali ya Canada kuhusu wakimbizi. Moja ya tofauti inaweza kutumia kwako.

Read about these exceptions on the Canadian government page about refugees. One of the exceptions may apply to you.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana na Serikali ya Kanada na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Ni ni maana ya kuelimisha wageni kuhusu hatari ya kwenda Canada. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from the Canadian government and other trusted sources. It is meant to educate newcomers about the risks of going to Canada. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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