How to find a place to live

забони англисӣ низНе англисӣ

Are you looking a place to live? Housing in the USA is often expensive. Шояд мушкил пайдо кардани ҷои хуб, ки дар як ҳамсоягӣ зиндагӣ бехатар. Шумо инчунин метавонед, ки чӣ тавр бо пайдо барои зиндагӣ кардан ҷой ошуфтааст мешавад. This page provides important information about paying bills, зиндагӣ ҳамсояҳо наздик, ва моликият ба хона.

Are you looking a place to live? Housing in the USA is often expensive. It may be hard to find a nice place to live in a safe neighborhood. You may also be confused by how to find a place to live. This page provides important information about paying bills, living near neighbors, and home ownership.

гуреза истиқболи

welcoming refugees

Дар хонаи худ мавқеи муҳим аст. аст, сухан дар Иёлоти Муттаҳида вуҷуд дорад: “Home аст, ки дар дил аст.” Ин маънои онро дорад, хонаҳои ҷисмонии мо - аз ҷойҳои зиндагӣ мо - рамзи мардум ва он чи дӯст медорем. Бисёре аз гурезагон фахр дар хонаҳои нави худ. Доштани бехатар, ҷои бароҳат зиндагӣ кӯмак хоҳад кард, ки Иёлоти Муттаҳида фикр хона. Гуреза талаботи манзил барои ҳар як оила гуногун мебошанд, Аммо бисёр навъҳои гуногуни хонаҳои интихоб аз он ҷо.

Your home is an important place. There is a saying in the United States: “Home is where the heart is.” This means our physical homes – the places we live – symbolize the people and things we love. Many refugees take pride in their new homes. Having a safe, comfortable place to live will help make the United States feel like home. Refugee housing needs are different for each family, but there are many different types of homes to choose from.

Намудҳои манзил

Types of housing

Renting a place to live

Renting a place to live

Хонаҳо дар Иёлоти Муттаҳида метавонад истиқоматӣ (як қисми мустақил аз як бинои калон) or a single house. Ба шумо иҷора хона, шумо бояд маблағи ҳар моҳ ба молики пардохт. Шумо як иҷора ба имзо, Созишнома, ки мегӯяд, ба шумо хоҳад иҷора ва векселҳои дигар ҳар моҳ пардохт мешавад, ки.

Homes in the United States can be apartments (a self-contained part of a larger building) or a single house. To you rent a home, you must pay an amount every month to the owner. You will sign a lease, which is an agreement that says you will pay your rent and other bills each month.

Sharing a house or apartment

Sharing a house or apartment

манзил мушт маънои онро дорад, ки шумо дар як хона ва ё квартираи бо амрикоиҳо даъват иҷора roommates - дигар одамон зиндагӣ дар як хона ё ҳуҷраи бо шумо ва оилаатон. Ин аст, аксар арзонтар аз иҷора ба ҷои худ, зеро шумо метавонед арзиши иҷора ва коммуналӣ тақсим (барқ, гармидиҳӣ ва ғайра). Usually everyone has their own bedroom and they share a living room, kitchen and bathroom.

Shared housing means you rent a house or an apartment with what Americans call roommates – other people living in the same house or apartment with you and your family. It is often cheaper than renting your own place because you can split the cost of the rent and utilities (electricity, heating etc). Usually everyone has their own bedroom and they share a living room, kitchen and bathroom.

Соҳибӣ кардани хона

Owning a home

Харидани як хона дар Иёлоти Муттаҳида гарон аст,. Вақте, ки шумо харидани хона, шумо одатан лозим аст, ки пул наҷот барои пардохти поён пардохт (як фоизи арзиши умумии хона), ва он гоҳ ки шумо бисёр вақт пул қарз барои дигарон хона пардохт. Ҳар моҳ ба шумо пардохт пардохти ипотека худро ба бонк барои пул қарз. Вақте, ки шумо харидани хона, шумо низ хароҷоти дигар, аз љумла суѓуртаи, андозҳо ва таъмири хона.

Buying a home in the United States is expensive. When you buy a home, you normally need to have saved money to pay for a down payment (a percentage of the total cost of the house), and then you often borrow money to pay for the rest of the house. Each month you pay your mortgage payment to the bank for the money you borrowed. When you buy a home, you also have other expenses, including insurance, taxes and home repair.

Looking for a place to rent

Looking for a place to rent

Finding a place to rent is hard. There is always a lot of competition for affordable rentals. There are two types of housing you can try for when you are looking for a place to live on a limited income:

Finding a place to rent is hard. There is always a lot of competition for affordable rentals. There are two types of housing you can try for when you are looking for a place to live on a limited income:

Affordable housing

Affordable housing

In large cities and some smaller ones, there are non-profit organizations and government agencies that provide housing for low-income people. Unfortunately there is usually a long wait for affordable housing. But if there is affordable housing in your area, it is good to get on the waiting list. A housing counseling agency can tell you what affordable housing is available. You can search to fins both local public housing agencies ва counseling agencies дар минтақаи шумо.

In large cities and some smaller ones, there are non-profit organizations and government agencies that provide housing for low-income people. Unfortunately there is usually a long wait for affordable housing. But if there is affordable housing in your area, it is good to get on the waiting list. A housing counseling agency can tell you what affordable housing is available. You can search to fins both local public housing agencies and counseling agencies in your area.

You can also search for a local organization in your community in FindHello. Интихоби забони, then choose your city. Then select “манзил & Food.If there is nothing listed for your community, search on the internet. Намуди “affordable housing in [name of your city].”

You can also search for a local organization in your community in FindHello. Choose your language, then choose your city. Then select “Housing & Food.” If there is nothing listed for your community, search on the internet. Type “affordable housing in [name of your city].”

Private rentals

Private rentals

Cheap private rentals get filled as soon as they are advertised. You will need to find the best listings and check them every day. Some listings pages will notify you when new advertisements are posted. Here is a list of the best apartment rental sites and apps. сомонаи Craigslist is the most used site for rentals. But on Craiglist, you have to be careful of people trying to cheat you. Some of the ads are fraudulent. Never send money or personal information to anyone online. You never need to pay rent until you have an agreement.

Cheap private rentals get filled as soon as they are advertised. You will need to find the best listings and check them every day. Some listings pages will notify you when new advertisements are posted. Here is a list of the best apartment rental sites and apps. The website Craigslist is the most used site for rentals. But on Craiglist, you have to be careful of people trying to cheat you. Some of the ads are fraudulent. Never send money or personal information to anyone online. You never need to pay rent until you have an agreement.

You probably want to rent your own place, especially if you are more than just one person. But often you will have a better chance of finding somewhere if you consider sharing a house or apartment. This is especially true in big cites where rents are very high. Sharing means not just sharing the rent, but sharing all the other costs with other working adults. If you are prepared to share, you may actually end up in a nicer place, with more space or with a yard, because with roommates you can afford something bigger.

You probably want to rent your own place, especially if you are more than just one person. But often you will have a better chance of finding somewhere if you consider sharing a house or apartment. This is especially true in big cites where rents are very high. Sharing means not just sharing the rent, but sharing all the other costs with other working adults. If you are prepared to share, you may actually end up in a nicer place, with more space or with a yard, because with roommates you can afford something bigger.

Иҷора ва ҳуқуқ

Renting and rights

Агар шумо иљораи хонаи, шумо якчанд ҳуқуқҳои. Шумо ҳуқуқи дар ҷои он аст, ки пок зиндагӣ доранд,, надорад, иштибоҳ, ва дорои гармӣ ва об. Дар Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико, аст, ки шариат, ки як кабул нест, метавонад бар зидди шумо табъиз вуҷуд дорад. Ин маънои онро дорад, ки кабул нест, метавонад ба ариза кирояи худ сабаби вобаста ба нажод худ мегӯянд нест, этникї, ё мазҳаб. инчунин қонунҳои мушаххас дар давлатҳои гуногун дар бораи чӣ қадар одамон метавонанд дар хонаи истиқоматии худ зиндагӣ ва чӣ кабул шумо бояд ба шумо рӯзӣ ҳастанд. Hud.gov is an educational website about housing. You can learn about housing discrimination ва tenant rights Дар давлати шумо.

If you are renting a home, you have several rights. You have the right to live in a place that is clean, has no bugs, and has heat and water. In the United States, there is a law that a landlord cannot discriminate against you. This means a landlord cannot say no to your rental application because of your race, ethnicity, or religion. There are also specific laws in different states about how many people can live in your apartment and what your landlord must provide for you. Hud.gov is an educational website about housing. You can learn about housing discrimination and tenant rights in your state.

Имзои як иҷора

Signing a lease

A lease is a written document that you sign when you rent a place to live. Ба иҷора додани шартномаи байни шумо ва кабул аст,, соҳиби воҳиди кирояи. Дар иҷора, Шумо ба пардохти иҷора ва векселҳои худро оид ба вақт ҳар моҳ ва кабул розӣ барои таъмин намудани бехатарии санитарию (тоза бо нест хатоҳои) воҳиди кирояи.

A lease is a written document that you sign when you rent a place to live. The lease is an agreement between you and the landlord, the owner of the rental unit. In the lease, you agree to pay your rent and bills on time each month and the landlord agrees to provide a safe and sanitary (clean with no bugs) rental unit.

Before you sign

Before you sign

Пеш аз он ки ту ба иҷора худ ворид шавед, боварӣ ҳосил кунед, ки дар шӯъбаи кирояи назар бо кабул. Агар чи шикаста аст, ё, агар дар ҷои ифлос аст, Дар кабул талаб навишт, ки бар рӯи иҷораи. Ин роҳ шумо хоҳад далелҳои баъдтар, ки ба шумо чизе хилоф накардем, ё онро ифлос.

Before you sign your lease, make sure to look at the rental unit with the landlord. If there are things broken, or if the place is dirty, ask the landlord to write that down on the lease. That way you will have evidence later that you did not break anything or make it dirty.

Paying security deposits

Paying security deposits

Вақте, ки шумо аввал ҳаракат дар, Шумо метавонед ба пардохти гарави амният. Ин пул аз тарафи кабул нигоҳ дошта, то шуморо бармеангезад, ки дар сурати ба шумо оё иҷора худро пардохт накардааст ва ё агар шумо шӯъбаи кирояи хеле ифлос ва онҳо ба пардохти доранд, он тоза. Агар шумо иҷораи худ пардохт ва ба тоза кардани хона, вақте ки шуморо бармеангезад, аз, пас шумо бояд ба даст пул пасандоз худро ба шумо бозгардонда. Баъзе иҷора талаб тоза қолинҳо худ бо мақсади ба даст амонатии худ баргашт. Be sure to check if the carpet in your apartment was cleaned when you moved in. Агар он буд, тоза карда нашудаанд, мепурсанд, ки барои кабул ба таври хаттӣ гузошта, ки ба шумо лозим нест, ки ба тоза қолинҳо. Агар ба шумо лозим ба тоза кардани қолинҳо, Шумо метавонед як мошини ба баҳои паст ҷои доштани пардохти як ширкати пули бисёр ба тоза кардани қолинҳо иҷора.

When you first move in, you may have to pay a security deposit. This money is kept by the landlord until you move out in case you do not pay your rent or if you make the rental unit very dirty and they have to pay to have it cleaned. If you pay your rent and clean the apartment when you move out, then you should get your deposit money returned to you. Some leases require you to clean your carpet in order to get your deposit back. Be sure to check if the carpet in your apartment was cleaned when you moved in. If it was not cleaned, ask for the landlord to put in writing that you do not have to clean the carpet. If you do have to clean the carpet, you can rent a machine for a low price instead of having to pay a company a lot of money to clean the carpet.

Length of lease

Length of lease

Иҷора барои шумораи муайяни моҳ имзо. Аксарияти иҷора барои шаш моҳ ё як сол. Шумо низ метавонед ба имзо иҷораи моҳ-ба-моҳ бошад,. Ин маънои онро дорад, ки шумо метавонед ҳаракат аз ҳар вақте, ки шумо мехоҳед. Аммо, шумо ба ҳар ҳол боз одатан доранд, ба кабул мегӯям, як моҳ пеш, ки ба шумо ҳаракат хоҳад кард ва шумо бояд иљораи воситаи охири шартномаи худро пардохт.

Leases are signed for a certain number of months. Most leases are for six months or for one year. You might also be able to sign a month-to-month lease. This means you can move out any time you want. However, you would still normally have to tell the landlord a month in advance that you will move and you must pay rent through the end of your agreement.

Notice requirements

Notice requirements

Аксари иҷора ба шумо талаб дод шумораи муайяни рӯз’ бинед, ки пеш аз шумо ҳаракат берун. Агар шумо ба зудӣ ба ҳаракат берун кирояи худ, боварӣ ба тафтиш иҷора барои дидани чанд рӯз пеш аз вақт ба шумо лозим аст, ки кабул шумо мегӯям, шумо ба ҳаракат хоҳад кард.

Most leases will require you to give a certain number of days’ notice before you move out. If you are going to move out of your rental, be sure to check your lease to see how many days ahead of time you need to tell your landlord you will be moving.

Mail ва Векселҳои

Mail and bills

When you find a place to live, you will need to pay your bills on time. You will probably get bills for electricity and other utilities in the mail.

When you find a place to live, you will need to pay your bills on time. You will probably get bills for electricity and other utilities in the mail.

иьора

Rent

Иҷора одатан дар аввали моҳ ва ё дар рӯзи моҳи, ки шумо аввал дар барангехт сабаби. Кӯшиш кунед, ки ҳамеша пардохти иҷораи худро бо истифода аз чек, ба ҷои пули нақд. Ҳамеша барои гирифтани талаб, то, ки шумо исбот мекунад, ки ба шумо пардохт.

Rent is normally due on the first of the month or on the day of the month that you first moved in. Try to always pay your rent using a check, instead of cash. Always ask for a receipt so that you have proof that you paid.

почта

Mail

кабул худ пурсед, ки ба паёмдони худ ҷойгир аст ва боварӣ ба тафтиш почтаи худро мунтазам. You will need to fill out a form at the post office if you move. Вақте, ки шумо аз он пур аз, почтаи худ шавад ва ба шумо дар суроғаи нав бар ту нозил.

Ask your landlord where your mailbox is located and be sure to check your mail regularly. You will need to fill out a form at the post office if you move. When you fill it out, your mail will be sent to you at your new address.

коммуналї

Utilities

одатан, ту меояд, ки барои хизматрасонии коммуналӣ худ пардохт аз љумла ќувваи барќ Шумо, гази табиї ва ё нафт, об, ТВ / интернет, телефон, ахлот, дӯзанда, ва ғайра. баъзан, баъзе ё ҳамаи хизматрасониҳои коммуналӣ дар иҷора дохил, вале бештари вақт шумо ба онҳо пардохт алоҳида. Шумо метавонед пул коммуналӣ шумо бо нигоҳ доштани гармии худ паст ва пӯшидани либоси гарм дар хона наҷот, ва табдиле чароғҳои ва unplugging дастгоҳҳои электронӣ, вақте ки онҳо лозим нест.

Usually, you will have to pay for your utilities including your electricity, natural gas or oil, water, TV/internet, telephone, trash, sewer, etc. Sometimes, some or all utilities are included in your rent, but most of the time you have to pay them separately. You can save money on your utilities by keeping your heat low and wearing warm clothes in the house, and by turning off lights and unplugging electronic devices when they are not needed.

Харидани хона

Buying a house

Харидани хона аст, шояд бузургтарин хариди шумо ягон бор кунад кард. Мебошанд Бисёре аз масъалаҳои ҳуқуқӣ барои шумо нест, бонк, Ва барои шахси фурӯши хона. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has great information about buying your first home and programs for first-time and low-income home buyers.

Buying a house is probably the largest purchase you will ever make. There are lots of legal issues for you, the bank, and for the person selling the home. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has great information about buying your first home and programs for first-time and low-income home buyers.

You can look to find homebuying programs to help you buy a home in your city or state.

You can look to find homebuying programs to help you buy a home in your city or state.

Smartasset.com has good tools to help you decide to rent or buy a house. Он метавонад ба шумо кӯмак ёд агар шумо метавонед имконияти ба харидани хона.

Smartasset.com has good tools to help you decide to rent or buy a house. It can help you learn if you can afford to buy a house.

ҳамсояҳо

Neighbors

Ин аст, ҳамеша муҳим муносибати хуб дошта, бо ту дар шаҳр ҳамсоя, ҳар ҷое, ки шумо зиндагӣ мекунед. Аммо ин муносибати бошад дар муқоиса бо кишвари шумо гуногун. Барои намуна, дар кишвари худ, Шумо шояд Ёри худро дар дилхоҳ вакти рӯз ба сафари. Дар ИМА, бисёр вақт одамон занг ки пеш аз онҳо ташриф дӯсти ё ҳамсоя. Шумо низ бояд кӯшиш ба эҳтиромона аз ту дар шаҳр ҳамсоя. Бисёре аз амрикоиҳо аз моли худ ба сифати моликияти шахсӣ фикр. Шояд онҳо маъқул нест, агар шумо дар ҳавлӣ ва ё пойгоҳи худ дар назди хонаи худ рафтор.

It is always important to have a good relationship with your neighbors, wherever you live. But this relationship might be different than in your home country. For example, in your country, you might visit your neighbor at any time of day. In the USA, people often call before they visit a friend or neighbor. You should also try to be respectful of your neighbors. Many Americans think of their property as private property. They might not like it if you walk in their yard or park in front of their house.

Шумо ҳамчунин бояд огоҳ бошад, ки чӣ қадар садои шумо қабули. Кӯшиш кунед, ки дар миёни ором 8 p.m. ва 8 саҳар, the usual time of rest in the USA.

You should also be aware of how much noise you are making. Try to be quiet between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m., the usual time of rest in the USA.

Агар шумо оиди рушд додани муносибатҳои хуб бо ту дар шаҳр ҳамсоя, ин метавонад бошад, хуб барои оилаи шумо. Вақте ки ҳамсояҳо нави ҳаракат дар, шумо худ гузошта метавонед ҷорӣ ва ба онҳо хӯрок ё судї аз тӯҳфае меорад.

If you develop a good relationship with your neighbors, this can be good for your family. When new neighbors move in, you can introduce yourself and bring them a meal or plate of treats.

Агар шумо инро бо мушкили рӯ ба яке аз ҳамсояҳои худ, кӯшиш барои сӯҳбат ба онҳо ва баён намудани вазъи. Барои намуна, Агар касе аст, будан баланд дар шаб, аз онҳо бипурсед nicely, агар ки онҳо метавонанд оромтар, зеро фарзандони шумо дар хоб. Агар ба шумо лозим кӯмаки бештар ба шумо метавонед кабул шумо дар бораи ин масъала нақл мекунад ва аз онҳо бипурсӣ, барои сӯҳбат ба ёри худ.

If you are having a problem with one of your neighbors, try to talk to them and explain the situation. For example, if someone is being loud at night, ask them nicely if they can be quieter because your children are sleeping. If you need more help you can tell your landlord about the problem and ask them to talk to your neighbor.

Бештар омӯз

Learn more

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