AQSh ta'lim tizimida darajasi nima?

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

AQShda, davlat maktab yoshi o'rtasida boshlanadi 4 va 6 va qadar davom etadi 16 uchun 18 yoshda. Siz maktabgacha ham farzandlaringizga yuborishingiz mumkin erta yoshda. Amerika ta'lim tizimining turli darajadagi haqida ma'lumot oling. joylashtirish nima bilish va maktablar bolangizni joylashtirish qanday.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

o'rta shogirdlari

high school students

AQSh qonun ostida, farzandlaringiz ma'lum yoshdagi yil ma'lum bir miqdordagi maktabga borish kerak. asrlarda va yillar soni davlatdan davlatga o'zgaradi. Siz .. qila olasiz; siz ... mumkin Sizning davlat yosh va raqamini topish.

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

AQSh davlat maktablarida ta'lim tizimi

The education system in US public schools

Erta bolalik ta'lim

Early childhood education

Erta ta'lim ta'lim ta'sir qilish, yosh bolalar haqida gapirish uchun atama hisoblanadi. bolangiz bir bola bo'lsa ham,, Ularga o'qib yordam berish muhim ahamiyatga ega, ular bilan kuylash va ularni birinchi til va ingliz, ham o'rganish yordam. ikki yoki undan ko'p tilda gapirish bolalarni ko'rsatadi tadqiqot mavjud (bo'ladi “Billingual”) faqat bitta tilda gapirish bolalar ko'proq afzalliklarga ega. Erta bolalik ta'lim markazlari va kunduzgi markazlari bolalar yoshi to'rt yoki besh orqali chaqaloqlar uchun mavjud.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Maktabgacha

Preschool

Maktabgacha bolalar yordam beradi (asrlarda uch va to'rt) rivojlantirish. Ba'zi maktablarda maktabgacha bolalar boshlanadi 2 yarim. Maktabgacha ularni yoshi besh yoki olti da maktab uchun tayyor bo'lishi yordam beradi. maktabgacha uchun bir variant Head Start deb ataladi. kam ta'minlangan oilalar Maktabgacha yoshdagi bolalar Head Start dasturlari ishtirok mumkin. Head Start hukumat tomonidan ishlatish, bir arzon maktabgacha bo'lgan. Siz uchun qo'ng'iroq qilishingiz mumkin Head Start dasturi sizga yaqin.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Boshlang'ich maktab

Elementary school

Bolalar odatda bolalar bog'chasi bilan boshlang'ich maktabni boshlanadi (K) va yoshi besh sinf besh yoki olti davom. Ular yoshi o'n yoki o'n atrofida boshlang'ich maktabga tark. Bolalar bitta sinfda bir o'qituvchi ko'plab mavzularni o'rganish.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

O'rta maktab (Bundan tashqari, kichik o'rta maktab deb atalgan)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Yaqin maktab sakkiz orqali talabalar darajada deb e'lon olti o'rgatadi. Ular asrlar o'n atrofida bo'ladi 14. Yaqin maktab o'quvchilari, odatda, sinf uchun sinf o'tish. Ular bir maktab kunda ko'plab turli o'qituvchi bo'lishi mumkin. kichik jamoalarda, Bolalar o'rta maktabga borish uchun maktablarni o'tish olmaydi. Ular boshlang'ich maktabga davom etadi.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Maktab

High school

Talabalar yoshdagi yuqori maktabga 14 va, odatda, 17 yoki 18. mashg'ulotlar sub'ektlar tomonidan joylashtirilgan. Talaba bir kunda ko'plab o'qituvchilar bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zi talabalar ilg'or darslari olishi mumkin. Ba'zi talabalar ish yoki kollejda uchun ularni tayyorlash darslari olishi mumkin. Oliy maktab klublar bor, faoliyati, sport, ish-o'qish tadbirlar, va boshqa faoliyat.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

Amerika ta'lim tizimida Maktab joylashtirish

School placement in the American education system

Maktab joylashtirish sizning talaba joylashtiriladi qaysi sinfda qaror anglatadi. Agar maktab, o'z sinfdan davomida talaba joylashadi qaerda Shuningdek, degani mumkin.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

Ular qarorgohga yoki mamlakatni tark edi bir qatorda ko'plab qochqinlar o'quvchilar maktabga o'tkazib yuborilgan bo'lishi mumkin. Ular bir xil yoshdagi tipik Amerika talaba ko'ra, turli sinf darajalardagi bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zi talabalar yuqori sinf darajasida bo'lishi mumkin, lekin hali ingliz tilida emas. Ular yaxshi ingliz tilini o'rganish qadar o'sha talabalar qiyin sinflarda muammo bo'lishi mumkin. AQShda maktablar ba'zan noto'g'ri sinf o'quvchilarini joylashtirish.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

maktablar mening bolani joylashtirish qanday?

How will schools place my child?

Talabalar o'quv yili boshlanishidan oldin yoki maktab yilning boshida ba'zi holatlarida olishi mumkin. test yozilgan bo'lishi mumkin. Ular kattalar bir talabaga savollarga o'qib bo'lishi mumkin. Bu har bir maktab tuman uchun farq qiladi.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

siz, deb o'ylayman, agar bolangiz noto'g'ri sinfga bo'ladi, Agar o'qituvchi bilan gaplashish mumkin, asosiy, sinov va bolangizni joylashtirilgan yoki maktab xodimlari.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • so'ra, "Sizning fikr nima edi?"Maktab siz o'z qarorini tushunish yordam berishi mumkin.
  • Agar joylashtirish noto'g'ri, deb o'ylayman, nega tushuntiring. Ular sizning sabablarga rozi bo'lsa, ular o'tiroq o'zgartirish uchun mumkin.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

Qanday maktab bo'tam oladi qaysi sinf darajasi qaror qiladi?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

bir qancha sabablari bor maktab bir talaba uchun bir darajasini tanlaydi. Bu sabablar quyidagilardir:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • talaba ingliz yoki test ball tushunadi qanday yaxshi
  • Ota-ona / valiysi tavsiyalar
  • Standartlashtirilgan sinov ballar, tegishli
  • Tayyorligi qiyin topshiriqlarni bajarish uchun
  • Talaba foiz yoki motivatsiya
  • Teacher yoki maslahatchi tavsiya
  • talaba ish namunalari
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Shu sinf, turli darajadagi

Same grade, different level

Yaqin va litseylar shu sinfda turli darajalarda o'qitiladigan sinflar mavjud. Ba'zi qiyin bo'lgan va ba'zi oson. kurslarini nomlari ba'zan qiyinchilik darajasini tasvirlab. so'zlar maktab tuman qarab o'zgaradi.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

oson yoki osonroq Ingliz darajasini foydalanish sinflar uchun Ismlar:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • kiritish
  • asosiy ko'nikmalar
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

sinfdan uchun, odatda, darajada sinflar uchun Ismlar:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • muntazam
  • Non-sharaf
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

yuqori yoki rivojlangan darajada sinflar uchun Ismlar:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • qadrlash
  • GTE (Iqtidorli va iste'dodli ta'lim)
  • ilg'or joylashtirish (siz)
  • IB (Xalqaro Bakalavriat)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

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