Birma: Birma sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Birma qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Burmese refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Ko'chirilmoqda qochqinlar ular tug'ilib tarbiyalangan edi Mae La ishqibozlar tashrif. UNHCR / K Suntayodom surati
Ko'chirilmoqda qochqinlar ular tug'ilib tarbiyalangan edi Mae La ishqibozlar tashrif. UNHCR / K Suntayodom surati
Resettled refugees visit Mae La camp where they were born and bred. Photo by UNHCR/K Suntayodom
Resettled refugees visit Mae La camp where they were born and bred. Photo by UNHCR/K Suntayodom

Rakhin xaritasi Bu profili etnik Burman bo'lgan Birma talabalari haqida unutmang, iltimos. Birma AQSh qochqinlar aksariyati Karen bor, Karenni, yoki Rohingya – Bu guruhlar uchun alohida fon rejimlarni ko'rish.

Rakhin Map Please note this profile is about students from Burma who are ethnically Burman. The majority of refugees in the US from Burma are Karen, Karenni, or Rohingya – see separate background profiles for these groups.

til

Language

Birma

Burmese

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

juda oz moliyalashtirish ta'lim beriladi-da, shaxslar katta hurmat lavozimlarda juda qiymati ta'lim va joy o'qituvchilar moyil. Birmadagi Ta'lim og'ir hukumat tomonidan nazorat qilinadi siyosiy-o'quv dasturlari hisoblanadi, va maktabda tez-tez etnik kamsitishga yuklovchi uchun ishlatiladi. Etnik xalqlar o'z tili va madaniyatini o'rganish ruxsat yo'q. harbiy hukumat qanday isyonchilar o'rganish talabalarni oldini olish uchun bir vosita sifatida ta'lim foydalanish. Bugungi kunda ta'lim hali barcha darajalarda hukumat tomonidan nazorat qilinadi.

While very little funding is given to education, individuals tend to highly value education and place teachers in positions of utmost respect. Education in Burma is heavily politicized—the curricula are controlled by the government, and schooling is often used to impose ethnic discrimination. Ethnic peoples are not allowed to learn their own language and culture. The military government used education as a tool to prevent students from learning how to rebel. Today education is still controlled by the government at all levels.

qishloq joylarda yoki kambag'al oilalar farzandlari ishtirok maktab bor uchun kamroq. taxminan 40% bolalar maktabga va haqida emas 75% ularning boshlang'ich ta'lim batamom emas [Teyn Lwin, 2003]. Monastic maktablar kam ta'minlangan oilalarga, ayrim ta'lim bilan ta'minlash.

Children in rural areas or from poor families are less likely to have attended school. Approximately 40% of children do not attend school and about 75% do not complete their primary education [Thein Lwin, 2003]. Monastic schools provide some education for low-income families.

Maktablar odatda bir oz buzuq bo'ladi. Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar etarli mashq qilmagan va pora qabul qiladi. O'qituvchilar ko'pincha nufuzli va talabalar itoat va hurmat ko'rsatish uchun kutilmoqda. eng kursdagilardan ta'lim "call va javob" uslublari ustunlik qiladi, talaba va o'qituvchi o'rtasida juda cheklangan o'zaro bilan. Talabalar faktlarni yod kutilmoqda va ehtimol tanqidiy fikrlash oz tushunchaga ega bo'ladi.

Schools are typically somewhat corrupt. Many teachers have not had adequate training and will accept bribes. Teachers are often authoritative and students are expected to show obedience and respect. Teaching in most classrooms is dominated by “call and response” styles, with very limited interaction between students and teacher. Students are expected to memorize facts and will likely have little understanding of critical thinking.

Birma amerikaliklar orasida, oliy ta'lim, ro'yxatdan o'tishingiz ayol va erkaklar deyarli teng sonlar ko'rsatadi.

Among Burmese Americans, enrollment in higher education shows almost equal numbers of females and males.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

An'anaga, Birma oila nomlari yo'q. Htay Maung ismli bir odam Cho Zin NWE va Tani Tut ismli bir Win İsv Myint nomidagi xotini va ikki farzandi bo'lishi mumkin. nomlari hech boshqalarga biron aloqasi bor; har bir emas. Birma G'arb mamlakatlarida shakllar to'ldirish uchun talab qilinadi qachon familiyalari yo'qligi muammolarni yaratadi.

Traditionally, Burmese do not have family names. A man named Htay Maung might have a wife named Win Swe Myint and two children named Cho Zin Nwe and Than Tut. None of the names has any relationship to the others; each is individual. The absence of surnames creates problems when Burmese are asked to fill in forms in Western countries.

etnik Burman sizning sinfda talabalar qattiq siyosiy quvg'inlar tajribali ota-onasi bo'lishi mumkin, Ular o'zlari AQShda tug'ilgan yoki ularning oila a'zolari AQSh kelganlarida juda yosh edi qilingan bo'lishi mumkin bo'lsa-da,. Birmadagi kattalar savodxonlik sur'atlari taxminan baholanmoqda 60%. ammo, AQShda Birma kattalar o'rtacha Burman ko'proq ma'lumotli bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan.

Students in your classroom who are ethnically Burman may have parents who experienced severe political persecution, though they themselves may have been born in the US or been very young when their families came to the US. Literacy rates of adults in Burma are estimated at approximately 60%. However, Burmese adults in the US are likely to be more educated than the average Burman.

oqsoqollar hurmat muhimdir: Yosh shaxslar shu xonada oqsoqol yanada yuqori darajada o'tirmanglar, na o'z oyoqlari oqsoqollar ishora bilan o'tirib, albatta,. oyoqlari tanasining kamida ezgu qismi sifatida hisoblanadi, va u sizning hurmat loyiq kishi tomon, ularni ishora nisbatan hurmatsizlik hisoblanadi. beringlar ham qo'llarini foydalaning, va biror narsa olish, Eskiroq shaxs.

Respect for elders is important: Younger persons do not sit at a level higher than that of an elder in the same room, nor do they sit with their feet pointing at elders. The feet are regarded as the least noble part of the body, and it is disrespectful to point them toward someone deserving your respect. Use both hands to give something to, and receive something from, an older person.

boshiga odamlarga tegmanglar, tananing ma'naviy eng yuqori qismi hisoblanadi, qaysi. hurmat bilan buddist rohiblar va darvesh tasvirlarini va ob'ektlarni davolash. Masalan, Bir odatda Budda tasvirini yuqoridagi ob'ektlarni joylashtirish emas,.

Don’t touch people on the head, which is considered the spiritually highest part of the body. Treat Buddhist monks and monk imagery and objects with respect. For example, one would not normally place objects above a Buddha image.

Birma do'stlik hosil qadar himoyalangan bo'lishi moyil. yomon xulq va kambag'al tarbiya belgisidir kishining kayfiyatini bo'ladi yo'qotish.

Burmese tend to be reserved until friendships are formed. Losing one’s temper is a sign of bad manners and poor upbringing.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Oila, bevosita va kengaytirilgan, ham, Burman hayotida eng muhim ijtimoiy birligi. tog'alarim, xolaning, va amakivachchalari kengaytirilgan oila bitimlar asosida birgalikda yashab mumkin. Onasi ko'pincha kundalik yumushlarida g'amxo'rlik, qizlari yoki turmush qurmagan opa-singillarimizning yordam. Erkaklar ustuvor-ular katta hokimiyatga ega bo'lishi, va hurmat ko'rsatilgan. oilasi bilan yashayotgan bobosi ham hurmat ko'rsatiladi.

The family, both immediate and extended, is the most important social unit in Burman life. Uncles, aunts, and cousins may live together under extended family arrangements. The mother usually takes care of the daily chores, helped by daughters or unmarried sisters. Males have priority—they wield greater authority, and are shown deference. Grandparents living with the family are also shown deference.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari: Birlamchi ta'kidlangan xo'jaligi ro'yxati

BRYCS RESOURCES: List of Highlighted Resources on the Burmese

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

Birma AMERICANS

BURMESE AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Birma talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Burmese students, please email: info@usahello.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Birma talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Burmese learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!