U.S. citizenship test questions and answers

On this page you will find the U.S. citizenship test questions and answers in translated languages. This is also known as the civics or naturalization test.


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Photo courtesy of USCIS

New citizenship test

USCIS has updated the civics test. If you apply for naturalization on or after December 1, 2020, you will need to take the new 2020 civics test. The English requirement of the test will not change. This is the list of 128 questions and answers for the 2020 version of the civics test. During your interview, the USCIS Officer will ask you 20 questions. You must answer at least 12 correctly to pass the test.

The citizenship test questions and answers

The civics test is a spoken test in English. Use the questions and answers below to help you study. Make sure you use the test based on when you applied for naturalization.

2020 – 128 Test questions and answers

Use the 2020 128 test questions and answers if you applied for naturalization on or after December 1, 2020. The USCIS officer will ask you up to 20 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 12 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.

2008 – 100 Test questions and answers

Use the 2008 100 test questions and answers if you applied for naturalization before December 1, 2020. The USCIS officer will ask you up to 10 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 6 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.

Civics test answers

The answers that USCIS wants to hear are below each question after a ▪ (bullet) on the pdfs. Some questions have more than one correct answer. There may be other correct answers to the civics questions, but you should choose one of the answers shown on the questions and answers to remember. Then you can be sure that you will answer correctly. You only need to learn one answer for most questions. Certain questions ask for 2 or 3 answers. You do not have to say the words in ( ) unless you want to. Please read the questions carefully.

Answers that may change

You may be asked for the name of an elected official. For example, “Who is Speaker of the House?” The names may have changed by the time you take your test. When you start to study, and again right before your test, check the USCIS test updates page. As you study for the civics test, make sure that you know the current answers.

The civics test for seniors

If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the civics test questions that have been marked with an asterisk, like this *.

You can take the citizenship test in your own language if:

  • you are 50 years of age or older at the time you applied for naturalization and you have been a permanent resident for for 20 years; or,
  • you are 55 years of age or older and you have been a permanent resident for 15 years.

Find out more about the exceptions and modifications.

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Free US citizenship test class

USAHello has a free online class to help you get ready for the naturalization (citizenship) test.

Go to the class

The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.