U.S. citizenship test questions and answers

On this page you will find the U.S. citizenship test questions and answers in translated languages. This is also known as the civics or naturalization test.


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Photo courtesy of USCIS

USCIS announces the U.S. citizenship test will no longer be changed

On February 22, the Biden Administration repealed the new 2020 civics portion of the citizenship test. The Trump administration had released the new version in December 2020 for anyone applying for naturalization on or after December 1, 2020. 

Here are the important things for you to know:

  • USCIS will give the 2008 civics test to anyone who applied before December, 2020, or on or after March 1, 2021.
  • If you applied for naturalization between Dec. 1, 2020, and Feb. 28, 2021, you have the choice to take the 2008 version of the test or the 2020 version.
  • If your initial naturalization interview was scheduled to take place on or after April 19, 2020, USCIS will give you the 2008 version of the test. It does not matter when you applied for naturalization.

The English requirement of the test does not change. The English test portion of the naturalization interview is to find out if you can communicate in English.

A USCIS officer will ask you questions and you will need to answer the questions in English.

There are exceptions to help elderly and disabled people take the citizenship test in their language. You can learn more about them here

The citizenship test questions and answers

The civics test is a spoken test in English. Use the questions and answers below to help you study. Make sure you use the test based on when you applied for naturalization.

2008 – 100 Test questions and answers

It does not matter when you applied for citizenship, you can use the 2008 version of the test with the 100 questions and answers. The USCIS officer will ask you up to 10 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 6 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.

2020 – 128 Test questions and answers

You can choose to take the 2020 version of the test if you applied for naturalization on or after December 1, 2021, and before March 1, 2021. The USCIS officer will ask you up to 20 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 12 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.

Civics test answers

The answers that USCIS wants to hear are below each question after a ▪ (bullet) on the pdfs. 

Some questions have more than one correct answer. There may be other correct answers to the civics questions, but you should remember one of the answers shown on the questions and answers sheet. 

You only need to learn one answer for most questions. Certain questions ask for 2 or 3 answers. You do not have to say the words in ( ) unless you want to. Please read the questions carefully.

Answers that may change

You may be asked for the name of an elected official. For example, “Who is Speaker of the House?” The names may have changed by the time you take your test. 

When you start to study, and again right before your test, check the USCIS test updates page. As you study for the civics test, make sure that you know the current answers.

The civics test for seniors

If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the civics test questions that have been marked with an asterisk, like this *.

You can take the citizenship test in your own language if:

  • you are 50 years of age or older at the time you applied for naturalization and you have been a permanent resident for for 20 years; or,
  • you are 55 years of age or older and you have been a permanent resident for 15 years.

Find out more about the exceptions and modifications.

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Free US citizenship test class

USAHello has a free online class to help you get ready for the naturalization (citizenship) test.

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The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.