U.S. Citizenship test questions & answers

The citizenship test questions and answers

The citizenship test is a spoken test in English that is part of the naturalization interview. USCIS calls it the civics test. It makes sure you know and understand the U.S. government and history. You will need to pass it to become a U.S. citizen.

There are currently two versions of the civics test: a 2008 version with 100 questions and a 2020 version with 128 questions. Anyone can take the 2008 version and it has fewer questions you need to know and answer.

2008 – 100 Civics test questions and answers

The USCIS officer will ask you up to 10 civics questions. You must answer 6 questions correctly to pass this part of the test. Find a complete list of these questions and answers in your language and in English. The videos can help you practice the answers in English. 

Language
100 questions and answers
Video
Arabic-English
Chinese-English
 
French-English
Hindi-English
 
Japanese-English
 
Korean-English
Nepali-English
 
Persian-English
Polish-English
 
Spanish-English
Swahili-English
 
Tagalog-English
Thai-English
 
Urdu-English
 
Vietnamese-English
 

How to answer citizenship test questions

The answers to the questions are under each question and are marked with a bullet on the PDF.

example of citizenship test question and answer

Some questions have more than one correct answer.

If the question only asks for one of them, you can choose which answer you give the USCIS officer. This means you only need to learn one answer to these questions. 

example of when to choose 1 answer to citizenship test question

Some questions may ask for more than one answer. 

example of when to choose 2 answers to citizenship test questions

You do not have to say the words in the parentheses ( ) unless you want to. 

example of what part of citizenship test question answer is required

Some answers may change.

You may be asked for the name of an elected official. For example, “What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives?” The name may change by the time you take your test if a new person is elected. Before your test, check the USCIS test updates page for the correct answer.

Some answers are different based on where you live.

Some questions are about your specific state. For example, “Who is the Governor of your state now?” Check the USCIS test updates page for the correct answer.

Special civics test for those 65 years and older

You can take a different version of the test if you are 65 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 20 years. This is called the 65/20 exemption.

You only have to study 20 questions for this test. The 20 questions are from the full list of 100. They are the ones marked with an asterisk (*). You still have to get 6 out of 10 questions correct to pass the test. This version can be taken in English or a language of your choice.

Language
20 questions and answers
Arabic-English
Chinese-English
French-English
Hindi-English
Japanese-English
Korean-English
Nepali-English
Persian-English
Polish-English
Spanish-English
Swahili-English
Tagalog-English
Thai-English
Urdu-English
Vietnamese-English

Taking the civics test in another language

You can take the citizenship test in your own language only if meet you one of these requirements:

  1. You are 50 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 20 years. This is called the 50/20 exception.
  2. You are 55 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 15 years. This is called the 55/15 exception.

Learn more about exemptions and accommodations for the naturalization interview.

woman waving at citizenship ceremony
Free U.S. Citizenship Class

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2020 – 128 Citizenship test questions and answers

This is a version of the citizenship test introduced during the Trump administration. You can choose to take it if you applied for naturalization between December 1, 2020, and March 1, 2021.

On February 22, 2021, the Biden Administration stated this version is not required. If you prefer to take the 2008 (100 questions) version you can. For the 2020 version, the USCIS officer will ask you up to 20 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 12 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.


The information on this page comes from trusted sources, including USA.gov and USCIS.gov. We aim to offer information in plain language that is easy to understand and updated regularly. This page is for guidance. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice.